The education of the dog begins at a very young age. A multitude of orders exist in dog training, but some are to be favored as soon as the dog is acquired.
These same commands will serve as a basis for learning more difficult commands that will be used for example in agility
Some of these commands can save your dog's life. Ignoring them and not teaching them to your dog can be dangerous in certain situations and can also be a source of stress when walking. To go further, it can be a hindrance to the dog's socialization. Let's take a look at these 9 essential commands to teach your dog:
1. Dog Recall
Recall is very important in canine education. Dogs are certainly very intelligent
, but when walking, you must be their eyes to prevent any danger. Having a dog that correctly obeys the recall is essential when you let it go.
You will certainly be able to save his life if he is in a dangerous situation such as in the middle of a road when he goes to retrieve the ball that you threw awkwardly.
2. Don't move.
The order "don't move" is valuable in many situations. You tell your dog to stay in his place and only move on your command. This can be helpful when children are playing nearby or when joggers are running nearby.
3. The stop sign
The "stop" or "halt" command allows you to stop your dog in any dangerous situation. Again, using city traffic as an example, you can tell your dog to stop immediately at a crosswalk or if he ventures to chase a cat in the flow of traffic.
4. Walking on foot
A dog that pulls on a leash is neither pleasant for the owner nor for the dog. The dog spends its time choking and the master pulls to hold it.
Therefore, in addition to being a matter of comfort for the handler and the dog, walking is also a matter of practice and safety: walking through a crowd, crossing a crosswalk, etc…
5. No touching
Here you forbid your dog to touch anything. Imagine that a piece of meat on the floor during a walk will whet your dog's appetite. Now imagine that the same piece of meat contains rat poison and was intentionally put there to kill dogs. This order is very important in this situation.
6. The "drop".
You ask your dog to let go of what's in his mouth. If the previous example is repeated and you didn't see the piece of meat in time before your dog put it in his mouth, you order him to let it go immediately. This is another order that can save your dog's life.
7. Teach your dog to pay attention to you.
To be listened to by your dog, it is important to capture his attention. Grabbing his attention means that he looks at you and listens to you attentively, disregarding his environment. You call him, you hold his index finger up or the palm of your hand towards him in front of him, and why not accompany the gesture with a "listen to me". All this peacefully of course, your dog must be happy with what you are going to tell him.
8. The "Sit" Command
Sitting order helps to channel your dog and prevent other undesirable behaviors. For example, when you have guests at home and you don't want your dog to jump on them, the sit command will prevent your dog from jumping on the guests. Of course, the dog cannot do both at the same time.
9. Putting Him To Bed
In the same vein as the sitting order, the lying order allows the dog to maintain a position while being discreet, and this comfortably. When you tell him to go to his place, it is often to lie down. This position will also limit other undesirable behaviours such as jumping on people, licking the legs of guests or begging during meals.
All these orders are often combined and are therefore complementary. Here's an example of three combined commands: you get your dog's attention, tell him to sit down and not to move. Another example: in front of a crosswalk before crossing: we tell him to "stop", "don't move" and we cross in the green using the walk.
Many of these basic commands allow the dog to evolve towards learning more complex commands used in agility, obedience competitions or rhythmic obedience. They must be learned in a complicity master/dog without constraint for the latter, and by privileging the soft methods of education.