The Doberman legitimately holds its reputation as the “thoroughbred” of purebred dogs because it is so elegant, athletic and powerful. Endowed with an extraordinary intelligence and an infallible protective instinct, the Doberman is a dog resolutely close to his family, kind and gentle with children. Victim of the “black dog syndrome”, he has a reputation as an aggressive or dangerous dog, in contrast to his true character, which makes him an exceptional, calm and generous dog.
Identité du Doberman :
- Other names: Dobermann, Dobermann Pinscher
- Origin : Germany
- Group: 2 dogs of the pinscher and schnauzer type – molossoid – Swiss mountain and cattle dogs
- Section: 1.1 Pinscher type dogs
History of the Doberman
The breed was created by a tax collector named Frederick Louis Dobermann around 1870 in the town of Apolda in the state of Thuringia. Man, concerned about his security and carrying large sums of money, selected dogs with strong temperament without worrying about morphological criteria in order to obtain a defense dog for his own protection. The Doberman is, moreover, the only breed created with the sole purpose of defending its master. When he died in 1894, his friend Otto Goeller, who took care of the post horses and had a good knowledge of genetics, retrieved his pack and refined the breed to make it more elegant and more homogeneous. The Doberman, it is believed, is a cross between Pinscher, Rotweiller, Beauceron and Thuringia Shepher
The first German club was formed in 1899 and the first standard was published in 1900. Used by the German forces during the First World War, the Doberman paid a high price on the battlefields. Its population also declined due to famine, which forced many families to part with Dobermans they could no longer feed.
The Doberman is a medium sized dog built in strength and well muscled. Very elegant, with a short and solid back, his chest is broad and his loins of good length. Possessing the reputation of “thoroughbred” breed dogs, the Doberman has a strong skull in the shape of a truncated wedge, its nose is black and its stop not very developed. His dark colored eyes are of medium size and oval shape. The ears are drooping (their cutting is prohibited in several countries except for curative reasons) and the tail set high is short, with a length of two caudal vertebrae.
- Size: from 68 to 72 cm for the male, from 63 to 68 cm for the female.
- Weight: from 40 to 45 kg for the male, from 32 to 35 kg for the female.
- Coat: short, harsh, close and close lying. Absence of undercoat.
- Colors: black or brown with rust tint tan markings.
Character Of The Doberman
The Doberman is a dog very close to his owners, of an exemplary understanding with the children of the family, friendly and gentle unlike the popular beliefs that describe him as aggressive or dangerous. Endowed with an extraordinary protective instinct, the Doberman is an excellent guard dog that defends his family and property against anyone who would be intrusive or aggressive. By nature distrustful of strangers, his socialization must be pronounced in order to curb this distrust. Very intelligent and rather emotional, he learns quickly and needs a calm and fair master. A great sportsman with a strong temperament, the Doberman can’t stand solitude.
Due to the lack of undercoat, Doberman fears cold and humidity. Robust, he has no particular health problems or specific diseases, although his heart should be monitored from the age of two if he engages in intense physical activity to prevent any heart problems. On the other hand, one of the most absurd preconceptions is to suggest that the Doberman would go crazy as he gets older because his skull would be too small to contain the growth of his brain. Obviously, this is completely false and unfounded! Its average life expectancy is 12 years.
The Doberman needs space and daily exercise to maintain balance. Fearing the cold, he lives very well in an apartment as long as he exercises very regularly, as we have mentioned. Because of this, and since it does not tolerate solitude well, the Doberman is suitable for families who are sporty and very available.